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About Us

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The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) is one of the largest state enterprises, which has strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine.

The USPA was founded in 2013 as a result of the maritime industry reform of Ukraine to manage state property in the seaports and to use it efficiently, create mechanisms to attract investments in the port infrastructure for its development and stable business performance. There are other tasks of the USPA, like maintenance of the passport depths of the ports’ water area and ensuring safety of navigation, etc.

The USPA is part of the management of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and unites Ukrainian seaports and other infrastructure objects, contributing to the development and competitiveness of each of them. The structure of the enterprise consists of the head office in Kiev and the main representative office in Odessa, Delta-pilot branch and 13 branches in the seaports of Ukraine:

Industry News

OnJuly 7, 2017, the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, State Enterprise “Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority” (USPA), State Enterprise "Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” will present the project: “Investment opportunities: Chornomorsk seaport” within the framework of Grain Ukraine conference. In particular, we will discuss the implementation of an investment project on the basis of the 2nd terminal of Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” during the presentation. The Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Ukraine Sevki Acuner, President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine Andriy Hunder, representatives of leading Ukrainian and International agricultural companies, investment banks will be among the speakers of the International Conference «Grain Ukraine».
“The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine continues negotiations with strategic investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, said during the meeting with the delegation of Hutchison Ports led by Mr. Clemence Cheng, the Executive Director of Hutchison Ports, which took place in Kyiv on May 15, 2017. The parties discussed prospects for Hutchison Ports, one of the world's largest port operators, to enter SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk». The next day, on May 16, the delegation of Hutchison Ports visited SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» and, together with Nadiya Kaznacheyeva, Deputy Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Raivas Veckagans, acting CEO of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) and Director of SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» discussed prospects for the implementation of the port’s strategic development plans, that imply increasing cargo volume, preservation of workplaces, introduction of advanced technologies in the port. Volodymyr Omelyan noted that the Ministry is working on a draft Law on concession, which preliminary draft will be presented by the end of May. «Not only port operators, but also investors in other sectors have been looking forward to this draft Law. Therefore, our task is to draft a comprehensive document, that will boost Ukraine’s investment attractiveness and facilitate operations of the world's leading companies in our country,» the Minister stressed. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that the Ministry, together with the USPA and management of the port, are working to assist «Hutchison Ports» to enter Port of Chornomorsk by the end of the year. «We want to restore foreign investors’ trust in Ukraine. Therefore, we suggest that all disputes be resolved through international arbitration. This should be an effective tool for the protection of foreign direct investment and eliminate any ambiguity in relations,» the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine said. mtu.gov.ua
Minister of Infrastructure, Volodymyr Omelyan, during his business trip to Odessa, said that two tenders for dredging in Yuzhny port were transparent, top world companies specializing in these kind of work took part in bidding. «The new management staff of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority cooperates with the business and consultations with the business community are always held before the decision-making. Two tenders for dredging, which were recently held in Yuzhny port, were carried out in that way. We have written out all tender requirements jointly with the European Business Association and the American Chamber of Commerce. We attracted the world's leading companies working in the field of dredging to participate in this tender. None of the companies had complaints. According to preliminary estimates, we saved at least 400 million UAH for the budget. I hope the relevant agreements will be signed by May 20th» – said the Minister. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that USPA plans to allocate funds for repair of hydraulic structures in 4 or 5 ports. «This has never been done in Ukraine. Unfortunately, the USPA has been a cash cow as for the government as well as for individuals for many years. Starting from this year, we have pledged funds for hydraulic engineering, we will do our best to attract the world's largest private port operators. It is strange to see resistance regarding allowing companies entry the market, as they create additional jobs. DP World, Hutchison Ports plans not only to rent the capacities of state-owned enterprises, but also to develop territories, the processing of raw materials, the export of value-added products from Ukraine, and the generation of profits in Ukraine. This has never been done,» – said the Minister of Infrastructure. «We want to make sure that our country is investment-attractive; as a result, Ukrainian people will have the opportunity to get jobs in high-tech industries.» Reference:Currently, the USPA is implementing two independent dredging projects at Yuzhny port. There is the dredging of the approach channel and the water area at the berths № 5–6 as part of the project. The next stage of works will be bringing the depth to 21 m. The contractor is China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd that was determined during the tender. The cost of the project is 586.045 million UAH, which is 253.560 million UAH less than the expected cost. According to the requirements of the law, the agreement between the parties must be signed before the end of May 2017. Terms of the project – 2017–2019. The second project anticipates the creation of water approaches with a depth of 19 m and an operating water area with a depth of 16 m near berth № 25. New capacities will ensure the operation of one of the largest grain loading complexes in Ukraine, which is being built by Cargill. The agreement with the contractor, China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd, will also be signed in May 2017. The cost of the project is 1,064 billion UAH., it is planned that the work will be completed in March 2018. mtu.gov.ua
Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, noted during the II Ukrainian Infrastructure Forum '17 that the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine employs all efforts in order to assist the world's leading port operators such as DP World and Hutchison Ports to enter Ukraine. «We are focused on attracting in the Ukrainian economy world’s leading port operators — DP World and Hutchison Ports. These are not fictitious companies, but real investors who are ready to invest hundreds of millions, and, perhaps, billions of dollars in Ukraine's economy. Most importantly, they will change Ukraine.» Volodymyr Omelyan stressed that the Ministry of Infrastructure has initiated changes in the road, maritime and aviation sectors: "The Road Fund was established; preparation for decentralization of Ukravtodor has been commenced; the reforming of Ukrposhta has begun; and the program of development of electric transport market in Ukraine, including electric cars, has been presented. This fall, the largest low-cost European carrier Ryanair will be flying from Kyiv and Lviv airports. We actively continue to work on preparation of concession projects in ports and expect that this year, DP World and Hutchison Ports will enter two Ukrainian ports. We have an enormous opportunity to return freight transportation on the river. This will ease the roads and renew Dnipro its status of a large and majestic transport artery.” According to the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, JSC “Ukrzaliznytsia” that has become one of the most powerful locomotives of Ukraine’s economy requires immediate and effective reforms. “The ransport and infrastructure industries in Ukraine are spheres of opportunities for both Ukrainian and foreign investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan said. “We create new conditions for market development, increase the numbers of companies and expand their geography. Competition is the only incentive to move forward, a key to quality growth while reducing the cost of services.” Volodymyr Omelyan also stressed that implementation of infrastructure projects requires much time. "An example is the construction of Beskydy Railway Tunnel. During its construction, twelve governments have changed and two revolutions have taken place. The infrastructure projects are indeed time-consuming. We expect that Beskydy Railway Tunnel will be launched this year. " On a separate note, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine stressed on the importance of attracting low-cost airlines in Ukraine. «We understand how important the attraction of large foreign companies such as Ryanair in the Ukrainian market is. A mere announcement that Ryanair enters the Ukrainian market has fundamentally changed the policy of domestic air carriers and airports. As a result, they are completely reviewing their development policies. We should give our citizens an opportunity to fly cheaply and safely. Air passenger traffic shows excellent growth, which confirms that the impact of public officials on business should be minimized. „ “Quality roads, modern port infrastructure, as well as cheap and safe high-speed railway are all a must-have for Ukraine. However, these are the basics. We should be ahead of the future, introduce new terms, new ideas and new industry. This follows the initiative of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine in respect of electric cars, which we have approached as comprehensively as possible. The draft law will be registered with Ukrainian Parliament and I look forward that the relevant transport committee, together with the Ukrainian MPs will support it. We create not just new economic cluster, but production of electric cars, and give Ukrainian citizens an opportunity to become a cutting-edge nation,» Volodymyr Omelyan said. mtu.gov.ua
The HPC-Ukraina company, a subsidiary of the Hamburg Port and Logistic Corporation (HHLA AG, Germany), which is one of the leading port, transport, and logistics holdings in Europe and operates at the Odesa port, intends to change its name in connection with re-branding, the Interfax Ukraine news agency reports. The company will now be named Container Terminal Odesa. According to information from the company, the volume of container handling at the HPC-Ukraina terminal’s berths totaled 282,594 TEU in 2016, which is 10.6% more than the volume in 2015. HPC-Ukraina accounted for about 50% of the total volume of containers handled in Ukrainian ports in 2016 (according to the Ukrainian Ports Authority, the total volume of container handling by Ukrainian ports was 579,472 TEU in 2016). HHLA AG has had experience of operations in the port of Odesa since 1992. It founded HPC-Ukraina in 2001. In 2010, it began construction of a new container terminal called Quarantine Mol in cooperation with the Ukrainian Ports Authority. The new terminal will increase the existing annual handling capacity by 600,000. The total amount of investment in the project is more than UAH 5 billion. Construction began in April 2010. The Quarantine Mole container terminal processed the first two vessels in test mode in September 2014. cfts.org.ua


The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine has appointed new Head of Nikolaev branch of the State Enterprise «Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority» (USPA), namely Oleg Protchenko. The corresponding order № 71-О dated June 23, 2017. He is the former Head of Skadovsk branch of the USPA. He takes up the duties on June 27. Oleg Protchenko was born in 1977 in Skadovsk. He graduated from the Kherson Maritime College in 2002, where he obtained the navigator specialty, the East Ukrainian National University in 2011, where he obtained the qualification of engineer. He started working in maritime industry in 1995, over last 12 years he held management positions, including the Deputy Head and the Head of Skadovsk port.
On June 21, Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) together with the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine (Chamber) held the «Ukrainian ShipYard Day» (2017), and presented a fleet renewal program of the enterprise until 2021. Specialists of the USPA presented a prospective program of acquisition and construction of the enterprise's vessels for the period 2017 – 2021 to representatives of member companies of the Chamber, as well as the largest foreign and Ukrainian shipbuilding companies. «It is much more profitable for the state to develop its own fleet for regular work, rather than to attract contractors for these volumes. Therefore, the USPA will invest in this direction and will do it systematically and transparently,» said the Head of the USPA Raivis Veckagans. The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority intends to purchase 20 vessels, including six pilot boats, seven multifunctional vessels, a modern icebreaker to ensure the safety of navigation at the Azov Sea. USPA also plans to renew the dredging fleet of the enterprise, in particular, the purchase of a sounding boat, a self-propelled suction dredge, a self-propelled dump scows. This will increase the volume of operational dredging that USPA will be able to carry out by its own means without involving contracting organizations. President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine, Andrei Gunder, noted: «At the moment, unfortunately, the USPA can not perform all dredging by its own resources, which leads to an increase in their cost and terms of implementation. That is why business supports the initiative to renew and develop the Ukrainian fleet. Shipbuilding is in the stage of stagnation due to the lack of both state support and investment. Business support of USPA in developing a clear strategy of action, involving companies with international experience and transparent tender procedures is an important factor at this stage». The USPA has already attracted the leading world companies, namely China Harbor Engineering Company and Novadeal for dredging in Yuzhny port on the basis of the Prozorro competition, carries out the process of selecting the contractor for the reconstruction of berth № 7 in Odessa port. «We have already proved that our conduct about transparency of tender procedures is of a piece with our words. In the matter of the fleet, we also expect fair and truly international competition. All contractors that will supply or produce vessels to the USPA with the help of Prozorro electronic procurement system — in strict compliance with the requirements of the law, transparently, competitively,» said Raivis Veckagans. According to the Head of the technical service of the USPA, Gennady Garas, the fleet of the USPA is outworn, many vessels are morally and physically obsolete, since they were built 30 years ago. «In recent years, the enterprise has acquired only a multifunctional vessel Sea Ant, and we closed on the fact that we can not lag behind the progress. We need modern, functional, and powerful vessels for work. Their use is more economical than the old, not repaired fleet,» he added. Representatives of leading shipyards and design institutes of Ukraine, Turkey, European and Baltic countries, heads of major international shipbuilding groups Damen, MAVI DENIS, Fiskerstrand, Baltic Workboat, Aker Arctic, Ukrainian design enterprises and scientific institutions took part in the event. In addition, the meeting was attended by representatives of different financial institutions and the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. Summing up the results of the event, Raivis Veckagans stressed: «All our actions are systematic: dredging works, construction of hydraulic structures, ensuring ice campaigns, safety of navigation and fleet renewal are necessary steps to develop competitive and viable Ukrainian ports.» Presentation “USPA Fleet Renewal Program For The Period 2017-2021”
On June 20th, 2017, the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) signed the agreement with Novadeal LTD (subsidiary of the DEME Group, Belgium) to conduct operational dredging of the internal water area and the internal approach channel of Yuzhny port. The contractor was determined during the tender procedure in electronic system ProZorro. Works are necessary for maintenance of passport depth of the port’s water area and ensuring navigation safety in operational water areas of berths №№ 2–4, 7–9, 16,17, 3Н и 38. The budget of the project is 96,28 mln UAH. Estimated volume of dredging is 411 238 cubic meters. Conclusion of the contract was in the Embassy of Belgium in Kyiv. The Ambassador of Belgium in Ukraine Luc Jacobs, Deputy Regional Director of the DEME Group Jean-Pierre Desmanent, the Head of State Enterprise «USPA» Raivis Veckagans and Head of Yuzhny port Maxim Shyrokov took part in the signing ceremony of the contract. “Our cooperation with leading international companies is one of the indicators of qualitative changes in USPA. The willingness of European companies to participate in USPA projects and transparent tenders indicates the confidence of the international professional community. We are pleased to have Novadeal, the winner of bidding in ProZorro, as a partner for the development of the infrastructure of Yuzhny port. This cooperation will be useful for the enterprise, the marine industry and for Ukraine as a whole,” said the Head of the USPA Raivis Veckagans. He stressed that the USPA launched in such way all three projects announced for 2017 to increase the depths of Yuzhny port. «I recall that the commencement of two projects of capital dredging was in May, after signing relevant agreements with the contractor,» said Raivis Veckagans. The offer of Novadeal LTD in terms of the tender «Operational dredging – cleaning up the bottom from sediment in the inner water area of the Yuzhny seaport» and the internal approach channel" was determined by the ProZorro system as the most economically valuable. In particular, the savings amounted to almost 2 million UAH from the expected cost of services. The signing of this agreement is a fine example of the  strengthening of business relations between Ukraine and Belgium. The Low Countries (Belgium and the Netherlands) are home to four of the five largest dredging companies worldwide.  We are convinced that the development of the project will be successful, given the solid international reputation and outstanding know how of the DEME Group « said the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Belgium in Ukraine Luc Jacobs. According to Deputy Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Victor Dovhan, despite the small cost of the contract compared to the previous two ones, this is an important agreement in terms of itssignificance for the development of Yuzhny port and is an indication of the port's orientation for international cooperation. The USPA implements several significant infrastructure projects in the ports of Ukraine, projects of depths increase in Yuzhny port are in action. The enterprise signed two contracts in May: to increase the depth of the water area at berths №№ 23–25 ​​in terms of the memorandum with the companies „M. V. Cargo“ and Cargill, as well as increasing the depth of the approach channel and the water area at the berths №№ 5–6. The contractor for these two projects is the China Harbor Engineering Company. The contract with the Belgian company was the third document signed with the international dredging company, aimed at increasing the port's capacity and increasing its investment attractiveness. Reference: The need to conduct operational dredging is regulated by regulations. In particular, in accordance with the requirements of clauses 4.2.1 and 4.2.2 of the „Rules of technical operation of port hydraulic structures“, approved by the order of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Ukraine of 27.05.2005 № 257, maintenance of port water areas should provide support for the necessary navigational dimensions of the port water area / channel and provide safe navigation and moorage. At the same time, the frequency of such works is set by the enterprise. In general, dredging works performed in the water area of the port are subdivided into capital and operational ones. Capital works involve changing the existing passport depths and expanding approach channels, operating water areas; performed in seaports within the framework of port development plans and aimed at the long-term use. Operational dredging is carried out to maintain the existing passport depths and ensure the safety of navigation and is carried out for the purpose of repairing vessel movements or removing sludge pumps. Recent depth measurements in the water area of Yuzhny seaport showed that the actual depth at some parts of the water area does not correspond to the design indicators. Therefore, on March 15, 2017, the authority of Yuzhny port announced a tender for choosing the contractor for the operational dredging of the operational water areas of berths №№. 2–4, 7–9, 16.17, 3H and 38. These berths specialize in the transshipment of such cargoes: berth № 2 — carbamide, № 3 — ammonia, № 4 — methanol (operator — PJSC „OPZ“, № 4 — tropical oils (operator — „Delta-Wilmar CIS“), № 7, 8, 9 — universal cargoes (operator — SE „Yuzhny commercial sea port“), № 16 — grain cargoes (operator -»TIS-grain"), № 17 — mineral fertilizers (operator — «TIS-Mining Fertilizer»), 3H — oil (operator — branch of LLC «Ukrtransnafta» Sea oil terminal «Pivdennyi», 38 — sand, general cargoes (operator — SE «Yuzhny commercial sea port»).
The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority and Novadeal LTD (subsidiary of DEME Group, Belgium) sign a contract for the operational dredging of internal water area of Yuzhny port based on the results of the tender procedure in the electronic system ProZorro on 20th of June, 2017. The Ambassador of Belgium in Ukraine Luke Jacobs, Deputy Regional Director of the DEME Group Jean-Pierre Desmanent, the Head of State Enterprise «USPA» Raivis Veckagans and Head of Yuzhny port Maxim Shyrokov will attend the event. Press briefing is scheduled after signing the contract. Location: 4b Nikolay Rajewski str, Kyiv, Embassy of Belgium in Ukraine. Passports and editorial identities are required for entry. The event starts at 11.00 a.m. Accreditation of mass media is carried out till 12:00 p.m. on June 19th by tel. + 38 044 324 0097and by e-mail
Ukrainian Seaports Authority (USPA) chose a company that will audit its financial statements for the period from 2015 to 2017 in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The winner of the tender became KPMG, which is one of the world’s largest auditing companies in the world from BIG4. Information about signing the contract has been published in ProZorro e-procurement system on 8 June 2017. «Independent financial audit by KPMG is the beginning of the official transparent financial history of USPA. Financial statements certified by an authoritative auditor will allow USPA working with international financial institutions. This means that local seaports will have more active development opportunities. As a financier, I am confident that such an approach will make USPA a desirable client and a reliable partner for implementing projects of any complexity», USPA’s Head Raivis Veckagans noticed. The audit will run in two stages till the end of 2018. The contract between USPA and KPMG was concluded within the negotiation procedure. Earlier, USPA have had to cancel the tender for the auditor's choice twice because of the lack of proper number of participants. Since the subject of procurement, its technical and quality characteristics, as well as the requirements to the contractor remained unchanged, in accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On Public Procurements USPA used the right to apply the negotiation procedure for selecting a contractor. Estimated cost of services totals UAH 3.6 million (not including VAT).Recall, on 4 June 2015, the Cabinet adopted the Resolution No.390, according to which all the largest state enterprises should audit its financial statements.


The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) was established in Ukraine four years ago. The main goal of creating a new state enterprise was the division of economic and administrative functions. All strategic port assets were transferred to the USPA balance: berths, water areas, channels to which equal access should be provided as for state as well as for private stevedores. 18 separate branches were established in the Ukrainian ports. All port dues were transferred to the USPA accounts so that it could correctly allocate funds in accordance with the port development strategy and government policy of industry management. «The establishment of the USPA was the starting point in the maritime industry reform. The reform should have been not 4 years ago, but 20 years earlier. Ukraine would have a completely different situation in the ports, especially in terms of working with investors. This is the main mistake of the predecessors,» said Raivis Veckagans, the current Head of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, to the CTS, adding: «It is unworthily of me to discuss the flaws of the USPA management from June 2017. Such nuance as unfair separating balances leads today to land confusion, but at the time of the USPA creation, the task of not letting down the economy of newly created enterprises was more important than the purity of the process, because many state ports did not exist on account of stevedoring activity, but port dues. Yes, there were many good projects that were never finished, but „stalled“ at a certain stage for various reasons. The pace of renewing the infrastructure could be more dynamic … But there were achievements too, such as creation of team, introduction of information systems and registers that systematize a wide range of data on port performance, simplification of the procedures for vessels handling, and point projects for dredging and repairing the port infrastructure. My task is to be a hundred times more efficient and continue the reform of the maritime industry. We are aiming to show a new quality of Ukrainian ports work — without corruption, with large-scale investment projects, favorable conditions for shippers and port workers, with new international partners, as transparent as possible. We are doing well according to the projects that have been launched this year». The CTS collected data on the main performance indicators and the main results of the enterprise over the past four years.
Транспортный поток через Украину снижается шесть лет подряд. Ставит ли война крест на транзитной привлекательности государства? Всемирный банк регулярно публикует масштабный отчет Logistics Performance Index – рейтинг логистической привлекательности стран. В 2010‑м Украина занимала в нем 102‑е место, в 2012‑м поднялась уже на 66‑е, а в 2014‑м добралась до 61‑й строки. Однако реальные показатели работы транспорта говорят о куда менее радостной картине. Шестой год подряд Украина теряет объемы транзита. В мирном 2013 году от экспорта транспортных услуг наша страна выручила $8,6 млрд, что составляет 4,7% ВВП. Много это или мало? В Латвии, которая находится на 36‑й позиции рейтинга Всемирного банка, доходы от транзита формируют 12% валового внутреннего продукта. В отечественной транзитной выручке наибольшая доля пришлась на «трубу» – $3,3 млрд. На втором месте – железная дорога с $1,6 млрд. Но за девять месяцев 2014 года (более полных данных пока нет) украинские транзитные заработки по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2013‑го сократились на 21%, до $4,7 млрд. Причем самый глубокий спад затронул трубопроводный и железнодорожный транспорт: минус 27 и 35% соответственно. «Укрзалізниця» – крупнейший перевозчик страны – начала терять транзитную выручку давно. В 2012‑м транзит рухнул почти на 18% в натуральных показателях. С учетом потерь 2014‑го за эти три года железная дорога лишилась почти 20 млн т грузов. Это очень много – примерно столько же прошло в 2014-м транзитом через все украинские порты. Кстати, в них ситуация не лучше: минус 9% в тоннах без учета Крыма и минус 29%, если его учитывать. Что собой представляет транзит через Украину? В 2013 году Россия была страной происхождения для каждой шестой тонны, перевезенной морским транспортом, для каждой пятой – автомобильным плюс почти 70% железнодорожного транзита и почти 100% – трубопроводного. Если добавить Казахстан, Беларусь и Молдову, то получим 95% всей грузовой базы транзита. Основные товарные группы – газ, нефть и нефтепродукты, руды, черные металлы, удобрения, продукты неорганической химии. Восточный сосед давно взял курс на то, чтобы его грузы обходили Украину стороной. Россия еще в 2012‑м приняла Стратегию развития морской портовой инфраструктуры до 2030 года, в которой обозначила задачу сократить объемы перевалки своих грузов в портах сопредельных стран. В год принятия документа через порты соседних стран РФ отправила около 100 млн т собственных грузов – 17% ее портового грузооборота. К 2015‑му эта доля должна была сократиться до 8,2%, а к 2030‑му – до 4,1%. Этой цели россияне подчинили свою тарифную, инвестиционную и регуляторную политику на транспорте. Так что дело не только в войне. Украине следовало озаботиться поиском других грузов, а также сделать свои транспортные госмонополии более дружественными к клиентам. «По нашей компании транзит снижается уже давно. С 2008 года его спад составил 81%. Причина – в неадекватной политике «Укрзалізниці», как тарифной, так и по управлению своим парком», – утверждает гендиректор экспедиторской компании «Пакобо» Василий Палко. По его словам, военные действия отражаются на транзите не очень сильно, поскольку затрагивают лишь небольшую часть территории. Тенденция характерна для всего экспедиторского бизнеса, стивидорных компаний и даже авиаперевозчиков. Например, авиакомпания МАУ после обвала курса гривны все надежды связывает с транзитом, но испытывает трудности из‑за нынешнего военного имиджа Украины. В 2013 году компания Roland Berger Stra­te­­­­­gy Consultants с центральным офисом в Мюнхене разрабатывала для Министерства инфраструктуры Стратегию развития морских портов Украины до 2020 года. Еще тогда специалисты фирмы прогнозировали, что доля транзита в портах будет сокращаться. Это связано с созданием более благоприятных условий в Румынии, Болгарии и странах Балтии, а также с развитием портовых мощностей России, отмечает эксперт компании Мария Михайленко. Литва, Латвия и Эстония смогли перетянуть на себя значительную часть грузопотоков по линии Азия – Европа. Еще в начале 2000‑х здесь начали создаваться свободные экономические зоны. Схема привела к настоящему инвестиционному буму. За девять лет работы Клайпедского порта инвесторы вложили в его развитие 230 млн евро, и за это время грузооборот порта вырос в 2,4 раза. В Рижский порт на протяжении 10 лет было инвестировано более 270 млн евро, перевалка увеличилась в 2,6 раза. Большинству украинских портов такие темпы и инвестиции даже не снились. «Потенциал Украины для морского транзита – это транзитные потоки ТRАСЕСА», – говорит Михайленко. ТRАСЕСА – межправительственная комиссия, созданная с целью развития транспортных коридоров Европа – Кавказ – Азия. Сквозное падение Но «трасековские» грузы не смогут компенсировать падение российского транзита через Украину (свыше 27 млн т с 2008 по 2014 год). Даже если ТRАСЕСА возьмет на себя всю несырьевую торговлю между странами – участницами коридора и Евросоюзом, Украина сможет претендовать примерно на половину этого объема, то есть на 6 млн т, подсчитали в Roland Berger еще до начала конфликта в стране. ТRАСЕСА нередко фигурирует в заявлениях отечественных чиновников как панацея для лечения транзитных болезней. Но в распоряжении Forbes есть исследование экспертов этой межправительственной комиссии. В нем проведено сравнение трех альтернативных транспортных коридоров: трансроссийского, или северного, трансиранского, или южного, и транскавказского. Только последний идет через Украину. Но у него оказались самые плохие показатели в отношении скорости, стоимости, надежности доставки. Более всего негативному рейтингу способствовали сложность прохождения таможенных процедур и недостаточно гармонизированная документация между странами – участницами маршрута. Казахстан, Россия и Беларусь, которые в рамках Таможенного союза максимально унифицировали свои процедуры, получили самый высокий индекс логистической привлекательности. А как же высокие оценки Всемирного банка для Украины? Его критерии связаны скорее с физическим состоянием транспортной и логистической инфраструктуры. ТRАСЕСА же оценивает маршрут комплексно. Конечно, полностью транзита Украина не лишится. Частные компании будут привлекать грузы собственными силами. Но чтобы серьезно поменять ситуацию, должно подключиться государство, вернее, несколько государств. forbes.ua
Вчера Европейский банк реконструкции и развития (ЕБРР) сообщил о предоставлении крупному молдавскому трейдеру Trans-Oil Group кредита на $ 25 млн. Средства будут направлены на расширение мощностей их зернового терминала в молдавском речном порту Джурджулешты, а также покупку и модернизацию мощностей по хранению зерна в украинском морском торговом порту (МТР) Рени. Молдавские инвестицииПропускной способности порта в Молдове уже не хватает, чтобы справляться с нынешними объемами грузов, поэтому Trans-Oil Group стала арендовать зернохранилище в Рени, говорится в сообщении. Приобретение и последующая модернизация терминала в порту Рени, как ожидают в компании, позволит к 2017 г. в пять раз увеличить объемы хранения зерна. Кроме того, услугами терминала смогут воспользоваться и независимые экспортеры. За последний год благодаря молдавским экспортерам в порту увеличилась перевалка зерновых почти вдвое, заявил «Капиталу» начальник Ренийского морского торгового порта Сергей Строя. По его словам, помимо Trans-Oil Group, есть и другие молдавские трейдеры, которые собираются инвестировать в порт — в частности, в ремонт складов, строительство новых емкостей и оборудования для хранения и перевалки зерна. Собеседник отметил: при участии молдавских компаний в ближайшее время планируется строительство новых объектов портовой инфраструктуры. ЕвропроектыВ этом году активизировались работы и по развитию других портов страны. ЕБРР выделил $ 60 млн стивидорной компании «Бруклин-Киев» для строительства зерноперевалочного комплекса мощностью 4,5 млн т в год в Одесском морском торговом порту. Проект реализуется в соответствии с соглашением между «Бруклин-Киев» и компанией Louis Dreyfus Commodities. В 2015 г. банк продолжит финансирование проектов портовой инфраструктуры в Украине, сообщил «Капиталу» старший советник представительства ЕБРР в Украине Антон Усов. Он уточнил, что банк рассчитывает в основном выделять средства на развитие зерноперевалочных мощностей в морских гаванях, а ближайшим проектом может стать кредитование строительства еще одного крупного объекта в Одесском ТП. Однако получателя средств и профиль объекта эксперт не назвал. ПланыВ Администрации морских портов Украины (АМПУ) рассчитывают, что развитие портового хозяйства и дальше будет осуществляться в рамках государственно-частного партнерства. АМПУ в начале года утвердила план развития портов: краткосрочный (на 3 года), среднесрочный (на 9 лет) и долгосрочный (на 24 года). Предусматривается как проведение дноуглубительных работ, так и строительство и реконструкция гидротехнических сооружений, а также тыловой инфраструктуры портов.Дноуглубительные работы реконструкция причалов уже дают плоды: в ноябре возобновится паромное сообщение Украины и Турции в Скадовском МТП, а порт «Южный» благодаря увеличению проходной осадки с 14,5 до 18,5 м смог привлечь в 2014 г. дополнительно от портовых сборов 12 млн грн в месяц. В АМПУ также сообщили «Капиталу», что в планах на 2015 г. — продолжение дноуглубительных работ в большинстве портов страны. Также намечено строительство новых терминалов практически во всех крупных и средних МТП страны, заявил изданию первый заместитель председателя АМПУ Юрий Васьков. Он добавил, что участники рынка ждут формирования нового правительства, чтобы понять, куда двигаться дальше. Впрочем, в Мининфраструктуры сказали «Капиталу», что сегодня многие грузоотправители не желают заходить в украинские порты не столько из за устаревших мощностей и малых глубин, сколько по причине зарегулированной процедуры прохождения таможенного и другого вида контроля. Такая ситуация сдерживает желание инвесторов начинать строительство объектов портовой инфраструктуры, поскольку нет понимания, смогут ли эти вложения окупиться в таких условиях. Один из собеседников «Капитала» в ведомстве сообщил, что чиновники прорабатывают вопрос о создании во всех портах свободных экономических зон, что позволит снизить таможенные сборы, упростить прохождение грузов, ввести для инвесторов в портах, которые будут строить или модернизировать объекты инфраструктуры, налоговые каникулы. www.capital.ua


According to the order of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 06.16.2014 #255 «On closure of seaports», registered in the Ministry of Justice of 06.24.2014 № 690/25467 Ukraine closes to international shipping the following seaports, which are located on the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: Yevpatoriya, Kerch, Sevastopol, Feodosia and Yalta. This document was adopted pursuant to the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 30.4.2014 #578-p «Some issues on functioning of the sea and river transport» and in accordance with the Procedure for opening and closing the ports, approved by Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 11/7/2013 #495.




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