About Us

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The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) is one of the largest state enterprises, which has strategic importance for the economy and security of Ukraine.

The USPA was founded in 2013 as a result of the maritime industry reform of Ukraine to manage state property in the seaports and to use it efficiently, create mechanisms to attract investments in the port infrastructure for its development and stable business performance. There are other tasks of the USPA, like maintenance of the passport depths of the ports’ water area and ensuring safety of navigation, etc.

The USPA is part of the management of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine and unites Ukrainian seaports and other infrastructure objects, contributing to the development and competitiveness of each of them. The structure of the enterprise consists of the head office in Kiev and the main representative office in Odessa, Delta-pilot branch and 13 branches in the seaports of Ukraine:

Industry News

The first international conference MONEY & PORTS – 2017is held on October 26, 2017, in Odessa. Venue – ‘Bristol’ Hotel. Organizer – ‘Ports of Ukraine’ Publishing House. Co-organizer — World Bank Group (the project of the International Financial Corporation ‘Reforming the investment climate in Ukraine’, funded by the Government of Switzerland).With the support of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine. At the conference, for the first time in the maritime transport industry, the problems of the flow of funds in the market of port services in Ukraine will be comprehensively analyzed and highlighted. The discussions of especially acute topics will take place in the format of paneling and a «round table.» AMONG THE TOPICS OF THE CONFERENCE: - Value analysis of the Ukrainian port services market.— Port dues: the strategy of changes and the methodology for calculating rates.— The share of port services in transport logistics.— Evolution of tariffs for loading and unloading operations in the seaports of Ukraine.— Dynamics of the additional services charges in the ports of Ukraine.- The price of bureaucracy.- How much does the seaport cost? Foreign experience and domestic analogies.- Money for the development of port facilities: where to get?- How to optimize costs when designing and building a new terminal.- Losses due to restriction of competition or abuse by monopolists. — The financial side and the inevitable risks in the activities of the port agent in Ukraine, etc. COST OF PARTICIPATION IN THE CONFERENCE – 270 EUR. PROVIDED DISCOUNTS:  for registration of two representatives from one company — 10%;  for registration of three or more representatives from one company — 15% The conference will provide opportunities for fruitful communication between the leaders of transport companies, cargo owners, traders, financiers, carriers, terminal operators, marine agents, freight forwarders; representatives of state structures. It will be interesting for «land» businesspersons and potential investors who are just eyeing the market. We have prepared an attractive system of discounts for you. Details and registration at: www.money.portsukraine.com Organizing Committee: Ph.: +380 (482) 37-38-82, fax: 37-38-35. E-mail: \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
OnJuly 7, 2017, the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, State Enterprise “Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority” (USPA), State Enterprise "Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” will present the project: “Investment opportunities: Chornomorsk seaport” within the framework of Grain Ukraine conference. In particular, we will discuss the implementation of an investment project on the basis of the 2nd terminal of Commercial Sea Port “Chornomorsk” during the presentation. The Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Ukraine Sevki Acuner, President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine Andriy Hunder, representatives of leading Ukrainian and International agricultural companies, investment banks will be among the speakers of the International Conference «Grain Ukraine».
“The Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine continues negotiations with strategic investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, said during the meeting with the delegation of Hutchison Ports led by Mr. Clemence Cheng, the Executive Director of Hutchison Ports, which took place in Kyiv on May 15, 2017. The parties discussed prospects for Hutchison Ports, one of the world's largest port operators, to enter SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk». The next day, on May 16, the delegation of Hutchison Ports visited SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» and, together with Nadiya Kaznacheyeva, Deputy Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Raivas Veckagans, acting CEO of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) and Director of SE "Commercial Sea Port «Chornomorsk» discussed prospects for the implementation of the port’s strategic development plans, that imply increasing cargo volume, preservation of workplaces, introduction of advanced technologies in the port. Volodymyr Omelyan noted that the Ministry is working on a draft Law on concession, which preliminary draft will be presented by the end of May. «Not only port operators, but also investors in other sectors have been looking forward to this draft Law. Therefore, our task is to draft a comprehensive document, that will boost Ukraine’s investment attractiveness and facilitate operations of the world's leading companies in our country,» the Minister stressed. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that the Ministry, together with the USPA and management of the port, are working to assist «Hutchison Ports» to enter Port of Chornomorsk by the end of the year. «We want to restore foreign investors’ trust in Ukraine. Therefore, we suggest that all disputes be resolved through international arbitration. This should be an effective tool for the protection of foreign direct investment and eliminate any ambiguity in relations,» the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine said. mtu.gov.ua
Minister of Infrastructure, Volodymyr Omelyan, during his business trip to Odessa, said that two tenders for dredging in Yuzhny port were transparent, top world companies specializing in these kind of work took part in bidding. «The new management staff of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority cooperates with the business and consultations with the business community are always held before the decision-making. Two tenders for dredging, which were recently held in Yuzhny port, were carried out in that way. We have written out all tender requirements jointly with the European Business Association and the American Chamber of Commerce. We attracted the world's leading companies working in the field of dredging to participate in this tender. None of the companies had complaints. According to preliminary estimates, we saved at least 400 million UAH for the budget. I hope the relevant agreements will be signed by May 20th» – said the Minister. Volodymyr Omelyan also said that USPA plans to allocate funds for repair of hydraulic structures in 4 or 5 ports. «This has never been done in Ukraine. Unfortunately, the USPA has been a cash cow as for the government as well as for individuals for many years. Starting from this year, we have pledged funds for hydraulic engineering, we will do our best to attract the world's largest private port operators. It is strange to see resistance regarding allowing companies entry the market, as they create additional jobs. DP World, Hutchison Ports plans not only to rent the capacities of state-owned enterprises, but also to develop territories, the processing of raw materials, the export of value-added products from Ukraine, and the generation of profits in Ukraine. This has never been done,» – said the Minister of Infrastructure. «We want to make sure that our country is investment-attractive; as a result, Ukrainian people will have the opportunity to get jobs in high-tech industries.» Reference:Currently, the USPA is implementing two independent dredging projects at Yuzhny port. There is the dredging of the approach channel and the water area at the berths № 5–6 as part of the project. The next stage of works will be bringing the depth to 21 m. The contractor is China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd that was determined during the tender. The cost of the project is 586.045 million UAH, which is 253.560 million UAH less than the expected cost. According to the requirements of the law, the agreement between the parties must be signed before the end of May 2017. Terms of the project – 2017–2019. The second project anticipates the creation of water approaches with a depth of 19 m and an operating water area with a depth of 16 m near berth № 25. New capacities will ensure the operation of one of the largest grain loading complexes in Ukraine, which is being built by Cargill. The agreement with the contractor, China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd, will also be signed in May 2017. The cost of the project is 1,064 billion UAH., it is planned that the work will be completed in March 2018. mtu.gov.ua
Volodymyr Omelyan, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, noted during the II Ukrainian Infrastructure Forum '17 that the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine employs all efforts in order to assist the world's leading port operators such as DP World and Hutchison Ports to enter Ukraine. «We are focused on attracting in the Ukrainian economy world’s leading port operators — DP World and Hutchison Ports. These are not fictitious companies, but real investors who are ready to invest hundreds of millions, and, perhaps, billions of dollars in Ukraine's economy. Most importantly, they will change Ukraine.» Volodymyr Omelyan stressed that the Ministry of Infrastructure has initiated changes in the road, maritime and aviation sectors: "The Road Fund was established; preparation for decentralization of Ukravtodor has been commenced; the reforming of Ukrposhta has begun; and the program of development of electric transport market in Ukraine, including electric cars, has been presented. This fall, the largest low-cost European carrier Ryanair will be flying from Kyiv and Lviv airports. We actively continue to work on preparation of concession projects in ports and expect that this year, DP World and Hutchison Ports will enter two Ukrainian ports. We have an enormous opportunity to return freight transportation on the river. This will ease the roads and renew Dnipro its status of a large and majestic transport artery.” According to the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, JSC “Ukrzaliznytsia” that has become one of the most powerful locomotives of Ukraine’s economy requires immediate and effective reforms. “The ransport and infrastructure industries in Ukraine are spheres of opportunities for both Ukrainian and foreign investors,” Volodymyr Omelyan said. “We create new conditions for market development, increase the numbers of companies and expand their geography. Competition is the only incentive to move forward, a key to quality growth while reducing the cost of services.” Volodymyr Omelyan also stressed that implementation of infrastructure projects requires much time. "An example is the construction of Beskydy Railway Tunnel. During its construction, twelve governments have changed and two revolutions have taken place. The infrastructure projects are indeed time-consuming. We expect that Beskydy Railway Tunnel will be launched this year. " On a separate note, the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine stressed on the importance of attracting low-cost airlines in Ukraine. «We understand how important the attraction of large foreign companies such as Ryanair in the Ukrainian market is. A mere announcement that Ryanair enters the Ukrainian market has fundamentally changed the policy of domestic air carriers and airports. As a result, they are completely reviewing their development policies. We should give our citizens an opportunity to fly cheaply and safely. Air passenger traffic shows excellent growth, which confirms that the impact of public officials on business should be minimized. „ “Quality roads, modern port infrastructure, as well as cheap and safe high-speed railway are all a must-have for Ukraine. However, these are the basics. We should be ahead of the future, introduce new terms, new ideas and new industry. This follows the initiative of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine in respect of electric cars, which we have approached as comprehensively as possible. The draft law will be registered with Ukrainian Parliament and I look forward that the relevant transport committee, together with the Ukrainian MPs will support it. We create not just new economic cluster, but production of electric cars, and give Ukrainian citizens an opportunity to become a cutting-edge nation,» Volodymyr Omelyan said. mtu.gov.ua

USPA News

During the 52nd General Assembly of the Association of Mediterranean Cruise Ports (MedCruise), which took place in Valletta, Malta on May 23–26, 2018, the Black Sea ports signed an action plan of the revival of cruise shipping for the next 3 years. The delegation of the State Enterprise «Ukrainain Sea Ports Authority» included the deputy chief of the Odessa port for operating activities Ruslan Sakhautdinov, the head of the cruise infrastructure service Oleg Fetisenko and the specialist of the department of strategic planning and development Mariia Luzhanska. This action plan was supported by the president of the MedCruise Ayran Pastor, and also by the head of the Black Sea region, Theodor Patrici. This plan considers the joint application of Black Sea ports to cruise lines with the aim of reporting about safety in the Black Sea region and readiness to receive passenger ships, working meetings and Black Sea conference in 2019, including the Black Sea region in the marketing plan of MedCruise for the next year etc.. Despite the absence of cruise ships, the modernization of Odessa Passenger Terminal was carried out: internal premises were repaired, the kinetic facade was equipped. — Development of passenger and cruise traffic is among our priorities. SE «USPA» reconstructs passenger terminals and marine stations in order to provide safe conditions and high-level service for passengers. Active marketing position of Ukrainian ports is necessary to attract cruise ships. We believe that the return of cruise shipping to Odessa seaport will take place in the near future. Foreign tourists are interested in the Ukrainian tourist product, as evidenced by the increase of the number of river cruise ship calls to Ukrainian ports (Odessa, Ust-Dunaisk, Izmail) – commented by the Head of SE “Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority” Raivis Veckagans During the General Assembly, the delegation of the State Enterprise «USPA» held meetings with top managers of cruise companies (Royal Caribbean Cruises, Carnival Corporation, AIDA Cruises, etc.) and presented a positive dynamics of the tourist flow in Odessa. The next 53rd General Assembly MedCruise will be held in Burgas (Bulgaria), which will positively affect the image of the Black Sea region. Reference MedCruise is the largest association in the world, which unites cruise ports of the Mediterranean Sea and other, as well as cruise companies. There are many different new members of MedCruise every year Every year.
The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) has created and launched a special resource for investors, which provides full information on implemented and prospect projects in the ports of the country — http://investinports.com/. This was announced by the Head of USPA, Raivis Veckagans, at the Ukrainian Ports Forum-2018. «The Investment portal of USPA is specifically designed to attract investors to Ukrainian ports. This website brings together all the information that is necessary for private investors to make a decision and to help state-owned companies — for qualitative work with potential investors»,— said Raivis Veckagans. The Investment portal was created by USPA in order to present infrastructure projects in the Ukrainian port industry and attract potential investors to the port infrastructure. The target audience of the resource is investors who are interested in developing their business in Ukrainian ports and want to find partners for joint implementation of projects. For them, the Investment portal offers many opportunities. Firstly, the site contains complete and up-to-date information on Ukrainian seaports (cargo turnover, cargo nomenclature, berthing and access infrastructure, depth, etc. in the context of each port). Thus, a potential investor can compare, analyze, and select a port that meets his requests. Secondly, the site contains data on infrastructure projects that are already being implemented on the territory of Ukrainian ports. These projects may be at different stages of implementation, but still open for investments. The Investment portal is a dynamic interaction tool. The feature of the site is that any company interested in business development in the seaports of Ukraine can place its project on this web resource to find potential investors. To do this, you need to contact USPA (the contacts are listed on the site) to upload information about the project. Large-scale public procurement services, customer of which is USPA, will be also highlighted on the Investment portal. This will help to bring even a wider range of international and national contractors to implement infrastructure projects in the seaports of Ukraine. In addition, the site contains recommendations on the mechanisms of investment in the maritime industry and the current legislation regulating business activities in ports. To recall, Ukrainian Ports Forum-2018 for the first time was held on 31st of May in Odessa, organized by USPA and Center for Transport Strategies.
The Ukrainian Sea Port authority (USPA) is joining ESPO as an observer member. This follows a decision of the General Assembly of ESPO, who gathered yesterday for their assembly and for the annual conference in Rotterdam.“We are very pleased to welcome USPA as an observer member in ESPO. The Black Sea is a very important part of Europe’s maritime network with ESPO member ports in Romania and Bulgaria. The Ukraine’s Association Agreement with the EU, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, make Ukraine’s ports an important part of the wider European transport network. USPA’s membership of ESPO is a logical consequence of the Ukraine’s strong relationship with the EU. There are already excellent working relationships between ESPO members and Ukrainian ports and I am delighted now to welcome USPA as an observer member in our organisation strengthening ESPO’s presence in the Black Sea” says ESPO Chairman, Eamonn O’Reilly.«USPA is honored to join ESPO. Since signing the Association Agreement between EU and Ukraine, we have focused on connectivity of our transport infrastructures. Through the observer membership at ESPO, USPA is continuing governmental efforts to establish mutually beneficial cooperation with the European counterparts. We are glad to join European port community and are keen to actively participate in the forming the future agenda of the port&maritime industries.» says Raivis Veckagans, CEO of USPA.“I am looking forward to work with the Ukrainian ports, to inform them about the EU policy on ports, to exchange good practices and challenges and to integrate them in our network of port professionals”, adds Isabelle Ryckbost, ESPO’s secretary General.
On the heels of the Ukrainian Port Forum-2018 on May 31st, the flagship event for Ukraine’s port infrastructure development, the country has launched a new World Bank supported technical assistance funded by the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF)to help position the port sector for more private investment. With its geographically favorable location at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East and its large and rapidly growing grain and agricultural outputs, Ukraine seeks to improve its logistics sector and facilitate more international trade. One piece of this puzzle requires urgent modernization of Ukraine’s 13 seaports and an overhaul of the current outdated port management model. The technical assistance launched this week will help Ukraine identify key areas to focus on as it proceeds with reforming its port sector. The assistance will deliver a review of port sector legislation, an assessment of the current state of port infrastructure, and a review of the current governance structure, along with a roadmap to help move the sector to a full landlord model. Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority CEO, Raivis Veckagans, notes that “Sea port reform has been ongoing since 2013 with the separation of operational and administrative activities. Since that time Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority has set ambitious goal to significantly increase current handling of 130 million tons of cargo per year, achieve European standards of service, and promote Ukraine as an important player on existing and emerging global trade routes. We believe that reform of port management being launched next week with the support of World Bank and PPIAF will enhance opportunities to increase private participation and attract leading global players to achieve these goals”. Juan Gaviria, Practice Manager for Transport in Europe notes that “The World Bank has a substantial advisory services and investment portfolio across all transport sectors in Ukraine supporting the Logistics Strategy and Action Plan; ports, inland water transport, railways modernization, road corridor prioritization and strategic investment. We recognize the importance of improving the port sector to better connect to the other modes of transport and foster greater trade and promote inclusive economic development”. PPIAF Program Manager, Francois Bergere notes that “attracting private investment into infrastructure requires putting the necessary ‘upstream’ institutional conditions in place. We have been providing support to Ukraine’s transport subsectors over the past few years to help foster such an environment favorable to private investment and are happy to continue this work in Ukraine’s port sector, where there seems to be a lot of momentum.” The Public – Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) is a multi-donor technical assistance facility that is financed by 11 multilateral and bilateral donors. Established in 1999 as a joint initiative of the governments of Japan and the United Kingdom, working closely with and housed inside the World Bank Group, PPIAF is a catalyst for increasing private sector participation in emerging markets. Its mission is to help eliminate poverty and increase shared prosperity in developing countries by facilitating private sector involvement in infrastructure.
The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority together with the Center of Transport Strategies organizes UKRAINIAN PORTS FORUM-2018, which will be held on May 31, 2018 in Odessa within the framework of the 17th International Trade and Transport Week. «The work of Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority today is focused on several vectors. First, it is the introduction of high standards and best practices in port sector in all directions — from staff development to investment attraction. The second is the implementation of Ukrainian ports development strategy with the construction of an effective industry management model and the third is the search for investors for promising projects that will bring profit to the state. UKRAINIAN PORTS FORUM will be dedicated to all these issues. This is not just a № 1 platform for meeting government and business, potential investors, international financial organizations, shippers and other market participants that affects the development of Ukrainian ports and the volume of investment in port infrastructure. The basis of the Forum is the presentation of all quality investment projects in the country's ports, ready to work with investors at the highest level,» said the USPA’s CEO, Raivis Veckagans. Taking into account the growing interest for Ukrainian port industry by international investors and financial institutions, we have invited leading companies that have significant impact on the development of the port business worldwide. DP World, Hutchinson Ports, Cargill, HHLA International, China Harbor Engineering Company Ltd, Clarksons Platou (Italia) S.R.L., IFC, EBRD and others have confirmed their participation in the event. Among the speakers from the government, we can highlight Volodymyr Kistion, Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine, Volodymyr Omelyan, Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine, Ravis Veckagans, CEO of the USPA, Maxim Stepanov, Governor of Odesa Region. Representatives of the European port authorities, foreign embassies to Ukraine, top management of the Ukrainian port industry companies and other highly professional experts are also invited to participate in the Forum. Besides the main program the Forum will include Conference «Ukrainian ports: People agenda» and the Round Table on Maritime Security in Ukraine «Ukrainian ports: Maritime security agenda». Participation in the Forum is possible subject to preliminary registration at the event page www.upf.com.ua. Contact person for participation and partnership: Alexey Panasyuk, tel.: +38 067 448-82-25, e-mail: \n This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Analytics

The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority (USPA) was established in Ukraine four years ago. The main goal of creating a new state enterprise was the division of economic and administrative functions. All strategic port assets were transferred to the USPA balance: berths, water areas, channels to which equal access should be provided as for state as well as for private stevedores. 18 separate branches were established in the Ukrainian ports. All port dues were transferred to the USPA accounts so that it could correctly allocate funds in accordance with the port development strategy and government policy of industry management. «The establishment of the USPA was the starting point in the maritime industry reform. The reform should have been not 4 years ago, but 20 years earlier. Ukraine would have a completely different situation in the ports, especially in terms of working with investors. This is the main mistake of the predecessors,» said Raivis Veckagans, the current Head of the Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority, to the CTS, adding: «It is unworthily of me to discuss the flaws of the USPA management from June 2017. Such nuance as unfair separating balances leads today to land confusion, but at the time of the USPA creation, the task of not letting down the economy of newly created enterprises was more important than the purity of the process, because many state ports did not exist on account of stevedoring activity, but port dues. Yes, there were many good projects that were never finished, but „stalled“ at a certain stage for various reasons. The pace of renewing the infrastructure could be more dynamic … But there were achievements too, such as creation of team, introduction of information systems and registers that systematize a wide range of data on port performance, simplification of the procedures for vessels handling, and point projects for dredging and repairing the port infrastructure. My task is to be a hundred times more efficient and continue the reform of the maritime industry. We are aiming to show a new quality of Ukrainian ports work — without corruption, with large-scale investment projects, favorable conditions for shippers and port workers, with new international partners, as transparent as possible. We are doing well according to the projects that have been launched this year».
Транспортный поток через Украину снижается шесть лет подряд. Ставит ли война крест на транзитной привлекательности государства? Всемирный банк регулярно публикует масштабный отчет Logistics Performance Index – рейтинг логистической привлекательности стран. В 2010‑м Украина занимала в нем 102‑е место, в 2012‑м поднялась уже на 66‑е, а в 2014‑м добралась до 61‑й строки. Однако реальные показатели работы транспорта говорят о куда менее радостной картине. Шестой год подряд Украина теряет объемы транзита. В мирном 2013 году от экспорта транспортных услуг наша страна выручила $8,6 млрд, что составляет 4,7% ВВП. Много это или мало? В Латвии, которая находится на 36‑й позиции рейтинга Всемирного банка, доходы от транзита формируют 12% валового внутреннего продукта. В отечественной транзитной выручке наибольшая доля пришлась на «трубу» – $3,3 млрд. На втором месте – железная дорога с $1,6 млрд. Но за девять месяцев 2014 года (более полных данных пока нет) украинские транзитные заработки по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2013‑го сократились на 21%, до $4,7 млрд. Причем самый глубокий спад затронул трубопроводный и железнодорожный транспорт: минус 27 и 35% соответственно. «Укрзалізниця» – крупнейший перевозчик страны – начала терять транзитную выручку давно. В 2012‑м транзит рухнул почти на 18% в натуральных показателях. С учетом потерь 2014‑го за эти три года железная дорога лишилась почти 20 млн т грузов. Это очень много – примерно столько же прошло в 2014-м транзитом через все украинские порты. Кстати, в них ситуация не лучше: минус 9% в тоннах без учета Крыма и минус 29%, если его учитывать. Что собой представляет транзит через Украину? В 2013 году Россия была страной происхождения для каждой шестой тонны, перевезенной морским транспортом, для каждой пятой – автомобильным плюс почти 70% железнодорожного транзита и почти 100% – трубопроводного. Если добавить Казахстан, Беларусь и Молдову, то получим 95% всей грузовой базы транзита. Основные товарные группы – газ, нефть и нефтепродукты, руды, черные металлы, удобрения, продукты неорганической химии. Восточный сосед давно взял курс на то, чтобы его грузы обходили Украину стороной. Россия еще в 2012‑м приняла Стратегию развития морской портовой инфраструктуры до 2030 года, в которой обозначила задачу сократить объемы перевалки своих грузов в портах сопредельных стран. В год принятия документа через порты соседних стран РФ отправила около 100 млн т собственных грузов – 17% ее портового грузооборота. К 2015‑му эта доля должна была сократиться до 8,2%, а к 2030‑му – до 4,1%. Этой цели россияне подчинили свою тарифную, инвестиционную и регуляторную политику на транспорте. Так что дело не только в войне. Украине следовало озаботиться поиском других грузов, а также сделать свои транспортные госмонополии более дружественными к клиентам. «По нашей компании транзит снижается уже давно. С 2008 года его спад составил 81%. Причина – в неадекватной политике «Укрзалізниці», как тарифной, так и по управлению своим парком», – утверждает гендиректор экспедиторской компании «Пакобо» Василий Палко. По его словам, военные действия отражаются на транзите не очень сильно, поскольку затрагивают лишь небольшую часть территории. Тенденция характерна для всего экспедиторского бизнеса, стивидорных компаний и даже авиаперевозчиков. Например, авиакомпания МАУ после обвала курса гривны все надежды связывает с транзитом, но испытывает трудности из‑за нынешнего военного имиджа Украины. В 2013 году компания Roland Berger Stra­te­­­­­gy Consultants с центральным офисом в Мюнхене разрабатывала для Министерства инфраструктуры Стратегию развития морских портов Украины до 2020 года. Еще тогда специалисты фирмы прогнозировали, что доля транзита в портах будет сокращаться. Это связано с созданием более благоприятных условий в Румынии, Болгарии и странах Балтии, а также с развитием портовых мощностей России, отмечает эксперт компании Мария Михайленко. Литва, Латвия и Эстония смогли перетянуть на себя значительную часть грузопотоков по линии Азия – Европа. Еще в начале 2000‑х здесь начали создаваться свободные экономические зоны. Схема привела к настоящему инвестиционному буму. За девять лет работы Клайпедского порта инвесторы вложили в его развитие 230 млн евро, и за это время грузооборот порта вырос в 2,4 раза. В Рижский порт на протяжении 10 лет было инвестировано более 270 млн евро, перевалка увеличилась в 2,6 раза. Большинству украинских портов такие темпы и инвестиции даже не снились. «Потенциал Украины для морского транзита – это транзитные потоки ТRАСЕСА», – говорит Михайленко. ТRАСЕСА – межправительственная комиссия, созданная с целью развития транспортных коридоров Европа – Кавказ – Азия. Сквозное падение Но «трасековские» грузы не смогут компенсировать падение российского транзита через Украину (свыше 27 млн т с 2008 по 2014 год). Даже если ТRАСЕСА возьмет на себя всю несырьевую торговлю между странами – участницами коридора и Евросоюзом, Украина сможет претендовать примерно на половину этого объема, то есть на 6 млн т, подсчитали в Roland Berger еще до начала конфликта в стране. ТRАСЕСА нередко фигурирует в заявлениях отечественных чиновников как панацея для лечения транзитных болезней. Но в распоряжении Forbes есть исследование экспертов этой межправительственной комиссии. В нем проведено сравнение трех альтернативных транспортных коридоров: трансроссийского, или северного, трансиранского, или южного, и транскавказского. Только последний идет через Украину. Но у него оказались самые плохие показатели в отношении скорости, стоимости, надежности доставки. Более всего негативному рейтингу способствовали сложность прохождения таможенных процедур и недостаточно гармонизированная документация между странами – участницами маршрута. Казахстан, Россия и Беларусь, которые в рамках Таможенного союза максимально унифицировали свои процедуры, получили самый высокий индекс логистической привлекательности. А как же высокие оценки Всемирного банка для Украины? Его критерии связаны скорее с физическим состоянием транспортной и логистической инфраструктуры. ТRАСЕСА же оценивает маршрут комплексно. Конечно, полностью транзита Украина не лишится. Частные компании будут привлекать грузы собственными силами. Но чтобы серьезно поменять ситуацию, должно подключиться государство, вернее, несколько государств. forbes.ua
Вчера Европейский банк реконструкции и развития (ЕБРР) сообщил о предоставлении крупному молдавскому трейдеру Trans-Oil Group кредита на $ 25 млн. Средства будут направлены на расширение мощностей их зернового терминала в молдавском речном порту Джурджулешты, а также покупку и модернизацию мощностей по хранению зерна в украинском морском торговом порту (МТР) Рени. Молдавские инвестицииПропускной способности порта в Молдове уже не хватает, чтобы справляться с нынешними объемами грузов, поэтому Trans-Oil Group стала арендовать зернохранилище в Рени, говорится в сообщении. Приобретение и последующая модернизация терминала в порту Рени, как ожидают в компании, позволит к 2017 г. в пять раз увеличить объемы хранения зерна. Кроме того, услугами терминала смогут воспользоваться и независимые экспортеры. За последний год благодаря молдавским экспортерам в порту увеличилась перевалка зерновых почти вдвое, заявил «Капиталу» начальник Ренийского морского торгового порта Сергей Строя. По его словам, помимо Trans-Oil Group, есть и другие молдавские трейдеры, которые собираются инвестировать в порт — в частности, в ремонт складов, строительство новых емкостей и оборудования для хранения и перевалки зерна. Собеседник отметил: при участии молдавских компаний в ближайшее время планируется строительство новых объектов портовой инфраструктуры. ЕвропроектыВ этом году активизировались работы и по развитию других портов страны. ЕБРР выделил $ 60 млн стивидорной компании «Бруклин-Киев» для строительства зерноперевалочного комплекса мощностью 4,5 млн т в год в Одесском морском торговом порту. Проект реализуется в соответствии с соглашением между «Бруклин-Киев» и компанией Louis Dreyfus Commodities. В 2015 г. банк продолжит финансирование проектов портовой инфраструктуры в Украине, сообщил «Капиталу» старший советник представительства ЕБРР в Украине Антон Усов. Он уточнил, что банк рассчитывает в основном выделять средства на развитие зерноперевалочных мощностей в морских гаванях, а ближайшим проектом может стать кредитование строительства еще одного крупного объекта в Одесском ТП. Однако получателя средств и профиль объекта эксперт не назвал. ПланыВ Администрации морских портов Украины (АМПУ) рассчитывают, что развитие портового хозяйства и дальше будет осуществляться в рамках государственно-частного партнерства. АМПУ в начале года утвердила план развития портов: краткосрочный (на 3 года), среднесрочный (на 9 лет) и долгосрочный (на 24 года). Предусматривается как проведение дноуглубительных работ, так и строительство и реконструкция гидротехнических сооружений, а также тыловой инфраструктуры портов.Дноуглубительные работы реконструкция причалов уже дают плоды: в ноябре возобновится паромное сообщение Украины и Турции в Скадовском МТП, а порт «Южный» благодаря увеличению проходной осадки с 14,5 до 18,5 м смог привлечь в 2014 г. дополнительно от портовых сборов 12 млн грн в месяц. В АМПУ также сообщили «Капиталу», что в планах на 2015 г. — продолжение дноуглубительных работ в большинстве портов страны. Также намечено строительство новых терминалов практически во всех крупных и средних МТП страны, заявил изданию первый заместитель председателя АМПУ Юрий Васьков. Он добавил, что участники рынка ждут формирования нового правительства, чтобы понять, куда двигаться дальше. Впрочем, в Мининфраструктуры сказали «Капиталу», что сегодня многие грузоотправители не желают заходить в украинские порты не столько из за устаревших мощностей и малых глубин, сколько по причине зарегулированной процедуры прохождения таможенного и другого вида контроля. Такая ситуация сдерживает желание инвесторов начинать строительство объектов портовой инфраструктуры, поскольку нет понимания, смогут ли эти вложения окупиться в таких условиях. Один из собеседников «Капитала» в ведомстве сообщил, что чиновники прорабатывают вопрос о создании во всех портах свободных экономических зон, что позволит снизить таможенные сборы, упростить прохождение грузов, ввести для инвесторов в портах, которые будут строить или модернизировать объекты инфраструктуры, налоговые каникулы. www.capital.ua

Announcements

According to the order of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine of 06.16.2014 #255 «On closure of seaports», registered in the Ministry of Justice of 06.24.2014 № 690/25467 Ukraine closes to international shipping the following seaports, which are located on the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea: Yevpatoriya, Kerch, Sevastopol, Feodosia and Yalta. This document was adopted pursuant to the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 30.4.2014 #578-p «Some issues on functioning of the sea and river transport» and in accordance with the Procedure for opening and closing the ports, approved by Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 11/7/2013 #495.

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